Where is located Machu Picchu?
Positioned at 120 kms to the north of Cuzco regarding the valley of the Urubamba River (name given to the Vilcanota River in this area), within the hills of Vilcabamba, the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu comprises one of the most important archaeological sites worldwide, and Peru’s main visitor location. Couple of things created by humans protect these types of harmony having its natural environments and adjacent archaeological teams.
The archaeological web site is situated near commercial establishments regarding the peak regarding the Machu Picchu Mountain (quechua name for “old or significant mountain”) that provides the name toward citadel in addition to dazzling setting most of us have experienced in pictures. Facing this hill may be the Huayna Picchu (young mountain) in which furthermore feasible to find archaeological remains on its peak. Both peaks are surrounded by the mighty Urubamba River, which works east through canyon nearly half a mile underneath the citadel.
The us anthropologist and Yale teacher, Hiram Bingham, scientifically discovered Machu Picchu from the 24th of July 1991. Melchor Arteaga, a farmer from Cuzco who had already found the damages in an empiric way, led him into the site.
In Machu Picchu you can easily distinguish two different zones: the agricultural zone that contains a huge network of terraces, the metropolitan area, split in a sacred area (temples, monuments, funerary chambers) and the municipal area (spaces, diverse precincts and storage rooms).
The constructions present Machu Picchu give testimony associated with the amazing skills and methods regularly work the rock. Scientific studies done show it was built as a complex in a simultaneous and continuous way. Extremely interesting architectural precincts you'll be able to discover the so-called Royal Tomb, located close to the entry associated with Citadel, the Temple regarding the sunlight, the Tower (the only real structure with a circular type) the Priestly Mansion, the Temple associated with Three house windows, the Central Temple, the Plaza, therefore the fountains and channels that kind the “Baños del Inca” (The Inca Baths). The hydraulic channels and stairs, made entirely off rock, are other characteristic elements of the citadel. Finally, additionally, it is possible to locate monoliths of great ritualistic significance, among that the Intihuatana (“where the sun's rays is tied”), considered a solar time clock, sticks out.