Peru geography Facts
Brief Reputation For Peru:
Peru was populated by various tribal peoples throughout most of its ancient record. In the twelfth century the little city-state of Cuzco ended up being formed from a tribe associated with Killkes by their frontrunner Manco Capac. It was the start of the Inca Empire. Within the after that several hundred years the Inca Empire would expand to conquer Peru, a lot of Ecuador, elements of Bolivia, and north Chile. The Inca civilization had been very developed if the Spanish found its way to 1531.
Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incas and captured Cuzco in 1533. The Spanish soon found silver and gold in the Andes Mountains and Peru became outstanding way to obtain Spanish wide range and energy. In 1535 Francisco Pizarro established the city of Lima. Lima became the main city of the area and is a major world city even today. Peru declared self-reliance in 1821. With Southern United states liberation heroes Jose de San Martina and Simon Bolivar, Peru managed to beat the Spanish and start to become a free of charge country.
The Geography of Peru
Complete Size: 1, 285, 220 square km
Size Comparison: slightly smaller compared to Alaska
Geographical Coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W
World Area or Continent: South America
General Terrain: western seaside plain (costa), large and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
Geographic Minimal Aim: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Geographic High Point: Nevado Huascaran 6, 768 m
Climate: varies from tropical in east to dried out wilderness in western; temperate to frigid in Andes
Major towns and cities: LIMA (capital) 8.769 million; Arequipa 778, 000 (2009), Trujillo, Chiclayo
The individuals of Peru
Particular Government: constitutional republic
Languages Spoken: Spanish (official), Quechua (authoritative), Aymara, and many small Amazonian languages
Independence Day, 28 July (1821)
Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, seventh-day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7per cent, other 0.6%, unspecified or nothing 16.3percent (2003 est.)
Nationwide Symbol: vicuna (a camelid related to the llama)
National Anthem or Song: Himno Nacional del Peru (Nationwide Anthem of Peru)
Economic climate of Peru
Significant Industries: mining and refining of nutrients; steel, steel fabrication; petroleum removal and refining, natural gas; fishing and seafood handling, fabrics, clothes, food processing
Agricultural items: coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, red grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, milk products; fish
All-natural sources: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, wood, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, propane
Significant Exports: copper, gold, zinc, crude petroleum and petroleum services and products, coffee
Significant Imports: petroleum and petroleum products, plastic materials, equipment, vehicles, iron and metal, grain, paper
Currency: nuevo sol (PEN)
Nationwide GDP: $302, 000, 000, 000
** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.
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